Go Back  Bike Forums > Bike Forums > Advocacy & Safety
Reload this Page >

What do you do to be safe while riding?

Advocacy & Safety Cyclists should expect and demand safe accommodation on every public road, just as do all other users. Discuss your bicycle advocacy and safety concerns here.

What do you do to be safe while riding?

Old 06-11-19, 08:27 AM
  #1  
hunterbw
Newbie
Thread Starter
 
Join Date: Jun 2019
Location: Hornell, NY
Posts: 1

Bikes: road and gravel

Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 2 Post(s)
Likes: 0
Liked 0 Times in 0 Posts
What do you do to be safe while riding?

Inspired by the "How do you ride" thread, I am wondering what people do to be safe while riding?
I know there are lots of different ideas about what keeps us safe or makes us feel safe, and lots of different specific conditions that we ride in.
I am hoping that this is less a debate about what one "should" do and more just an archive of what we do.

Do you wear certain colors? Do you run lights all the time or just in the dark? Do you feel safer on a road with less traffic and no shoulder, or more traffic but with a shoulder?
Do you think about safety and do different things if you are commuting to work, or riding a trail, or riding alone or in a group on the road. Do you ride in urban locations, or rural locations? What sort of safety concerns and solutions do you have for these different places? ETC.

Please share your collective experience.

What do you do to be safe while riding?
hunterbw is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 08:57 AM
  #2  
livedarklions
Je suis Snap Motomag
 
Join Date: Jun 2018
Location: New England
Posts: 3,847

Bikes: Trek FX 3; 1994 Specialized Allez Pro; "Motobecane" Fantom CX

Mentioned: 26 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 1932 Post(s)
Liked 452 Times in 267 Posts
Originally Posted by hunterbw View Post
Inspired by the "How do you ride" thread, I am wondering what people do to be safe while riding?
I know there are lots of different ideas about what keeps us safe or makes us feel safe, and lots of different specific conditions that we ride in.
I am hoping that this is less a debate about what one "should" do and more just an archive of what we do.

Do you wear certain colors? Do you run lights all the time or just in the dark? Do you feel safer on a road with less traffic and no shoulder, or more traffic but with a shoulder?
Do you think about safety and do different things if you are commuting to work, or riding a trail, or riding alone or in a group on the road. Do you ride in urban locations, or rural locations? What sort of safety concerns and solutions do you have for these different places? ETC.

Please share your collective experience.

What do you do to be safe while riding?
I wear bright yellow or orange shirts, some reflective some not. I always wear a helmet. I don't run lights during the day unless there is fog or something similar, I ride in both urban and rural areas, and find that the differences are primarily more of "rhythm" than technique--urban riding involves way more checking of intersections, thus max safe speeds tend to be lower, I think light traffic and no shoulder can be a death trap if the road is winding as drivers often plow around curves on those as if there's no chance they're going to encounter anyone.

I never wear headphones while riding because I think hearing is an essential safety device, especially in rural areas. While I realize that hearing isn't always enough to know what's behind you, that's not a good reason for negating it entirely.

Depending on the actual layout of the street, I find that riding on busy streets is often safer and more efficient than near-empty side roads. The pavement is often better, there are fewer stop signs, often fewer intersections, and very often more room on the right. Also, a lot of the main roads are free of parked vehicles.
livedarklions is offline  
Likes For livedarklions:
Old 06-11-19, 09:06 AM
  #3  
wgscott
Occam's Rotor
 
wgscott's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: The Timbers of Fennario (CL77)
Posts: 4,896

Bikes: Steel

Mentioned: 61 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 2366 Post(s)
Liked 218 Times in 136 Posts
1. High-vis (ugly screaming fluorescent yellow) jersey.
2. Viara Radar
3. Head-light and tail-light even during daylight hours
4. Keep bike in working order
5. No music/phone/distractions
6. Try not to do anything unpredictable/stupid
wgscott is offline  
Likes For wgscott:
Old 06-11-19, 09:29 AM
  #4  
Jim from Boston
Senior Member
 
Jim from Boston's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2008
Posts: 6,719
Mentioned: 41 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 631 Post(s)
Liked 35 Times in 31 Posts
What do you do to be safe while riding?
Originally Posted by hunterbw View Post
Inspired by the "How do you ride" thread, I am wondering what people do to be safe while riding?
I know there are lots of different ideas about what keeps us safe or makes us feel safe, and lots of different specific conditions that we ride in.
I am hoping that this is less a debate about what one "should" do and more just an archive of what we do.

Do you wear certain colors? Do you run lights all the time or just in the dark? Do you feel safer on a road with less traffic and no shoulder, or more traffic but with a shoulder?

Do you think about safety and do different things if you are commuting to work, or riding a trail, or riding alone or in a group on the road. Do you ride in urban locations, or rural locations? What sort of safety concerns and solutions do you have for these different places? ETC.

Please share your collective experience.

What do you do to be safe while riding?
As a lifestyle cyclist for decades (year round urban commuting, road cycling, touring) I frequently post about my safety mindset:
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
So often on these threads about calamities or near misses, I post about my mindset that I believe gives me that extra edge.
Originally Posted by FBinNY View Post
In all fairness, I don't think there's anyone who's been riding for a long time, who hasn't at some time (or many times) ridden in that zone where the only thing separating us from disaster is favorable alignment of the stars. (Note the "us" rather than "him")

We all take chances and make mistakes, but fortunately life is"organized" with plenty of forgiveness. In my experience the difference between disaster and "whew, that was close" is millimeters and microseconds, and not anything we can take credit for.
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
I try to keep safe with certain aphorisms in my head that come to mind to alert me when I encounter a situation where unseen dangers may lurk, such as “Like a weapon, assume every stopped car is loaded, with an occupant ready to exit from either side.” or“Don’t ride over an area (such as puddles or leaves) when you can’t see the road surface

…I was hit from behind by a “distracted” (? inebriated) hit and run driver on an otherwise seemingly safe and peaceful route. By good fortune, I’m alive and relatively unimpaired.

Over the past few months I have come to realize that my safety aphorisms (link), collected over the years by personal or vicarious experience, are my way of actively aligning the stars in my favor, to anticipate those unseen and otherwise unanticipated dangers.

FWIW, for my own information at least, my other aphorisms beside those above [see the link]:


  • ...
  • ...
Those are all I remember for now, and they all pop-up in my mind as I encounter the situation.
In addition, a rear view mirror is a paramount safety item.
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
I use both left and right rearview mirrors, in my case Take-a-Look eyeglass mounted ones...The additional right hand mirror affords a pretty good rearward view, but is particularly useful:

  • ...
  • ...
  • ...

Last edited by Jim from Boston; 06-11-19 at 09:38 AM.
Jim from Boston is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 09:46 AM
  #5  
Jim from Boston
Senior Member
 
Jim from Boston's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2008
Posts: 6,719
Mentioned: 41 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 631 Post(s)
Liked 35 Times in 31 Posts
˄˄˄˄
From a now-closed thread:
Originally Posted by jim from boston
in the past i have offered imo several useful suggestions about cycling, particularly for winter and urban cycling, to multiple repetitive threads. they are usually lost in the morass of often scores of replies, both in agreement and dispute with mine.
Originally Posted by stun View Post
my experience is that people drive differently in every city and treat cyclists very differently. the best advice often comes from cyclists that live the closest to you

the exception here would also be jim from boston--anyone that can successfully commute around boston has my full respect and probably knows how to deal with about every intersection imaginable!
Originally Posted by chefisaac View Post
listen to @jim from boston

he knows his $hit!
Jim from Boston is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 10:38 AM
  #6  
SJM205
Senior Member
 
SJM205's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2018
Location: CT
Posts: 106

Bikes: Cannondale CAAD12, CAAD4, Trek 820

Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 56 Post(s)
Liked 2 Times in 2 Posts
Front and Rear lights at all time, both flashing unless in a group. (don't want to cause any seizures) Light colored gloves for better signals. Mostly, ride predictably, and most importantly 'learn something on every ride.'

In every close call, either with a car, another rider, or road hazard, or animal, ask "What I could have done differently to avoid?" The answers include: Position on the road, Speed, unclip or clip-in sooner/later, braking/gearing, signal better, even wave and smile more.
SJM205 is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 10:58 AM
  #7  
debade
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Jul 2017
Location: WA
Posts: 221

Bikes: Trek Domane, Trek 2120, Trek 520, Schwinn Voyager step through

Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 73 Post(s)
Likes: 0
Liked 1 Time in 1 Post
I follow the suggestions provided in Smart Cycling videos provided by League of American Bicyclists. Not in a position to provide link but should be easy to find on the Leagues website
debade is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 11:18 AM
  #8  
rumrunn6
Senior Member
 
rumrunn6's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2008
Location: 25 miles northwest of Boston
Posts: 22,889

Bikes: Bottecchia Sprint, GT Timberline 29r

Mentioned: 87 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 3039 Post(s)
Liked 124 Times in 101 Posts
tell ppl where I'm riding & when I reach milestones, such parking lots, destinations, turn-arounds, & when I'm safe back at my car, or back at home if they are not present when I get there. when I go far away I leave a paper note with an address good for a GPS including my start stop points
rumrunn6 is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 12:59 PM
  #9  
DrIsotope
Non omnino gravis
 
DrIsotope's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2015
Location: SoCal, USA!
Posts: 6,768

Bikes: Nekobasu, Pandicorn

Mentioned: 100 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 3619 Post(s)
Liked 169 Times in 126 Posts
I have a Hotshot Pro 150 taillight, I wear a helmet, and most importantly: I pay attention. Situational awareness is more important than anything else.
__________________
DrIsotope is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 01:10 PM
  #10  
tyrion
Senior Member
 
tyrion's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2015
Location: San Diego, California
Posts: 2,298

Bikes: Breezer Radar

Mentioned: 19 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 1220 Post(s)
Liked 81 Times in 56 Posts
Choose routes wisely. Away from from cars, if possible. With well designed bike lanes, if possible.
tyrion is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 01:33 PM
  #11  
Maelochs
Banned
 
Join Date: Oct 2015
Posts: 11,459

Bikes: 2015 Workswell 066, 2014 Dawes Sheila, 1983 Cannondale 500, 1984 Raleigh Olympian, 2007 Cannondale Rize 4, 2017 Fuji Sportif 1 LE

Mentioned: 136 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 5449 Post(s)
Liked 115 Times in 76 Posts
Originally Posted by DrIsotope View Post
I pay attention. Situational awareness is more important than anything else.
This.
Maelochs is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 02:00 PM
  #12  
Wolfhaven
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2015
Location: NW, WI
Posts: 189

Bikes: Surly Disc Trucker, Surly ECR, Giant Anyroad, Jamis Aurora, Cannondale Cujo, Rocky Mountain Blizzard

Mentioned: 2 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 22 Post(s)
Likes: 0
Liked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Bright clothes. Lights in any lowlight situation. Have been run into from behind despite doing this, just can't help stupid. Route selection and willing to change routes if one gets dangerous, which happens during road construction season even if the construction is miles away. On narrow roads with no shoulder I'll take the lane if there's oncoming traffic. As soon as the car(s) go by I slide over and wave to the cars coming up from behind. Often in my morning commutes I have these drivers wave back, and with the whole hand not just one finger. I live in a train town so getting trained is common. If I'm more than a few cars back I'll ride up to the gate and dismount, when the gate goes up I sit and wait for the traffic to clear. I've had some appreciative drivers because of it which is nice, especially if they happen to be sitting in a dump truck.
Wolfhaven is offline  
Old 06-11-19, 10:21 PM
  #13  
MikeyMK
Cycleway town
 
MikeyMK's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2014
Location: Milton Keynes, England
Posts: 1,079

Bikes: 2.6kw GT LTS e-tandem, 250w Voodoo, 250w solar recumbent trike, 3-speed shopper, Merlin ol/skl mtb, 80cc Ellswick

Mentioned: 4 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 405 Post(s)
Likes: 0
Liked 52 Times in 45 Posts
I wear cycling gloves.

I do not ride on roads.
MikeyMK is offline  
Old 06-12-19, 01:59 PM
  #14  
indyfabz
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 22,403
Mentioned: 163 Post(s)
Tagged: 1 Thread(s)
Quoted: 8636 Post(s)
Liked 376 Times in 240 Posts
I've taken to running my rear light during certain daytime situations when I am touring. Can only offer anecdotes, but it seems to earn me wider passes when there is no shoulder.
indyfabz is offline  
Old 06-12-19, 02:18 PM
  #15  
NomarsGirl
Senior Member
 
NomarsGirl's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2017
Location: Easton, MA
Posts: 296

Bikes: Specialized Ruby Sport

Mentioned: 2 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 151 Post(s)
Liked 29 Times in 20 Posts
Lights if the light is low. Always wear a helmet and I recently got a helmet-mounted mirror. No headphones. I wear bright colors most of the time.

I live in a fairly rural part of suburbia so I'm relatively comfortable on our local roads. Drivers do seem to be aware that there are cyclists on the road and give me a pretty wide berth. My mother tried to make me promise to only ride on bike paths, but I can't do that so I refused to promise. I'm a full-grown adult, but mothers never stop worrying, I guess.

I do love the MUPs, but to get to one of any decent length, I have to drive about an hour. Unless I have most of the day available for the ride, I can't use them.
NomarsGirl is offline  
Old 06-12-19, 02:29 PM
  #16  
Rje58 
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2017
Location: Southeast U.S.
Posts: 275

Bikes: 2011 Fuji Absolute 3.0 -- 1997 Trek 830 (modified to hybrid)

Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 63 Post(s)
Liked 38 Times in 29 Posts
Here are the steps I take to promote safety:

-- wear high viz or other bright shirts or vest
-- wear a helmet
-- wear fingerless cycling gloves - you may think these are not safety items, don't try to tell my palms that!
-- use bright red flashing tail lights - two in case one fails during a ride - all times, day and night
-- use flashing headlight days (except when there is BRIGHT sunlight) and steady headlight when cloudy or at dusk or night
-- ride in the right lane, in the right half of the lane
-- use a rear view mirror and check it fairly often, to avoid surprises
-- stay aware - no distractions - no music or ear buds
-- wear cycling glasses to avoid being struck in the eye by road debris or insects, etc.
-- do most of my riding in light traffic areas (back country roads) or greenways or bike trails
Rje58 is offline  
Likes For Rje58:
Old 06-12-19, 05:14 PM
  #17  
BengalCat
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2015
Location: West Los Angeles
Posts: 104

Bikes: 50/34, 11-40, 11 Speed

Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 44 Post(s)
Liked 11 Times in 7 Posts
Maintain situational awareness.
Never pass cars on the right near an intersection or some type of entrance such as a parking lot or driveway.
Run quality lights all the time.
Avoid getting in situations where whether I'm in the right or not that potentially will piss of motorist.
Keep my head up.
BengalCat is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 06:35 AM
  #18  
bakerjw
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2008
Location: NE Tennessee
Posts: 787

Bikes: Giant TCR/Surly Karate Monkey/Foundry FireTower/Curtlo Tandem

Mentioned: 4 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 129 Post(s)
Liked 49 Times in 37 Posts
Vehicle awareness.
I don't ride bike lanes or MUPs, just on the road. Most of my travels are commutes with the same cars every day.
  • If I can stay in the flow of traffic, I take the lane.
  • At stop lights or signs, I take the lane.
  • I never pass a car on the right at an intersection.
  • If I sense a car behind me and it is a winding road, I work with them to help them clear me. Most are appreciative.
bakerjw is online now  
Old 06-13-19, 08:25 AM
  #19  
CAT7RDR
Senior Member
 
Join Date: May 2017
Location: Hacienda Hgts
Posts: 196

Bikes: Kestrel RT-!000, Trek Marlin 29'er

Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 64 Post(s)
Liked 15 Times in 14 Posts
The only thing I can add is I assume no one sees me, or is distracted by their cell phone texting. I frequently yell out, "Bike, bike, bike" if I believe a motorist will merge into me or is driving recklessly.

Motorists as a whole are lazy and will not turn their heads to see if a lane is clear before merging. They instead will rely only on their side mirrors.
CAT7RDR is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 09:05 AM
  #20  
Notso_fastLane
Senior Member
 
Notso_fastLane's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2011
Location: Layton, UT
Posts: 880

Bikes: 2011 Bent TW Elegance 2014 Carbon Strada Velomobile

Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 104 Post(s)
Liked 25 Times in 19 Posts
Bright colored clothes, as well as a bright yellow tailbag.

I ride a recumbent, which makes it a little harder to look back than an upright, so I have a good mirror. More importantly, I use the mirror and watch traffic coming up behind as well as what's ahead of me.

I have an Airzound horn, for all the drivers who aren't paying attention. It's probably saved me from at least a few incidents over the years.

Three bright tail lights, two flashing and one in steady mode, in all low light conditions (and I commuter year round, weather allowing).

Mostly, though, just paying attention to the drivers, road, and conditions.

I'm getting a velomobile this weekend, and I'm very curious to see how the local drivers react when I start commuting in it. It's got a good working horn, good lights (high beam and low beam, as well as flash mode), turn signals, and a brake light. I'm mostly curious to see if the drivers will notice the turn signals, as they seem to be pretty good about it when I stick my arm out.
Notso_fastLane is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 09:29 AM
  #21  
livedarklions
Je suis Snap Motomag
 
Join Date: Jun 2018
Location: New England
Posts: 3,847

Bikes: Trek FX 3; 1994 Specialized Allez Pro; "Motobecane" Fantom CX

Mentioned: 26 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 1932 Post(s)
Liked 452 Times in 267 Posts
How about a slightly different take on this--safety measures we don't take. I'll start:

I don't have lights on in normal daylight conditions.

I usually don't wear gloves.

While I generally signal left turns or shifts to a right lane, I do not signal right turns when I'm FRAP and I never try to signal stops.
livedarklions is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 01:08 PM
  #22  
I-Like-To-Bike
Been Around Awhile
 
I-Like-To-Bike's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2004
Location: Burlington Iowa
Posts: 27,682

Bikes: Vaterland and Ragazzi

Mentioned: 0 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 11 Post(s)
Liked 73 Times in 50 Posts
Originally Posted by livedarklions View Post
How about a slightly different take on this--safety measures we don't take. I'll start:

I don't have lights on in normal daylight conditions.

I usually don't wear gloves.

While I generally signal left turns or shifts to a right lane, I do not signal right turns when I'm FRAP and I never try to signal stops.
Don't take all of the above alleged "safety features", plus:
  • I don't wear a helmet, nor a mouth guard, nor hip/shoulder/knee pads when riding a bicycle;
  • I am not dogmatic about either "taking the lane" or not "taking the lane", same lack of rigidity applies to use or non-use of available bike lanes;
  • I don't inform friends or relatives of my every movement by bicycle so they can track its progress and/or my safe arrival through GPS technology;
  • I don't video record my rides or the nearby traffic;
  • I don't forego listening to audiobooks or music for the alleged "safety feature" of listening to traffic noise;
  • I don't have a conniption and get hysterical with fear about my safety if I see a driver or a bicyclist holding a cell phone next to their ear.
I-Like-To-Bike is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 01:32 PM
  #23  
Hokiedad4
Senior Member
 
Join Date: May 2015
Location: South Jersey
Posts: 287

Bikes: Specialized Sirrus, Giant Contend

Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 86 Post(s)
Liked 2 Times in 1 Post
I used to go out on rides without telling anyone where I was going, but have been haunted by stories of people who got in serious trouble that way. So I've gotten in the habit of telling someone where I'm going, as well as sending my location from the Wahoo.
Hokiedad4 is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 01:44 PM
  #24  
Juan Foote
LBKA (formerly punkncat)
 
Juan Foote's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2010
Location: Jawja
Posts: 3,440

Bikes: Spec Roubaix SL4, GT Traffic 1.0

Mentioned: 12 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 952 Post(s)
Liked 8 Times in 7 Posts
Like some others that have posted here, I don't ride on "get somewhere" public roads much, if at all any more. I ride MUP/cart path 95% of the time. There is a park nearby with a dead end road that leads to it. Very lightly travelled. On a very seldom occasion I will ride just outside my own neighborhood.
Bright shirt, flashing rear light any time I am on the road. When I rode in groups I wore a helmet all the time, but admittedly have gotten lax about doing so.
Mostly I just ride the paths and keep my speed down. As of late I ride much more for the enjoyment of it than any real exercise I am getting from it. My weight shows it.
Juan Foote is offline  
Old 06-13-19, 06:05 PM
  #25  
holytrousers
Member
 
holytrousers's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2016
Location: Tunisia
Posts: 36
Mentioned: 2 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 53 Post(s)
Liked 4 Times in 3 Posts
Protection
  • Helmet : i never ride without it : it protected my brain once.
  • Cycling Glasses : they are essential to protect the eyes from dust and insects
  • Anti-Pollution Mask : it protects well the lungs when riding on busy roads (80% of my commute)
  • Cycling Gloves : most of the times i wear them because the dampen vibrations and they protected my hands twice when i was cornering too fast.
Visibilty
  • 2 blinking rear lights, lately i started using them during daytime too and similarly to @indyfabz, i guess car drivers become more considerate when passing.
  • Headlight, i put it on at night in blinking mode when riding among cars and steady on empty streets.
  • reflective band for each ankle, good visibility especially at night.
  • reflective band on the left wrist to signal left turns
  • sometimes i wear a high visibility jacket
Behaviour :
  • always respect traffic code
  • be predictable ( signal turns and lane changes )
  • be confident ( having a drivers licence can be helpful )
  • take the lane if it's safer to take the lane ( vehicular cycling )
  • be courteous ( even when explaining how they almost killed you )
  • don't take it personnally ( especially when they honk at you )
  • i put only one earbud in my right ear to pick phone calls and i avoid listening to music
  • i generally prefer longer (and slower) but less busy routes to spare my lungs and avoid unnecessary stress
holytrousers is offline  

Thread Tools
Search this Thread

Contact Us - Archive - Advertising - Cookie Policy - Privacy Statement - Terms of Service

Copyright © 2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. All rights reserved. Use of this site indicates your consent to the Terms of Use.